Summer solstice is an important day which is known as the longest day in the year as the number of hours the sun is shining at their maximum unlike the winter solstice which has the longest night in the year.
Summer solstice is in June whether on 21 or 20 June but this year it’s on 20 June.
Summer solstice is considered the beginning of the summer but of course this is in the north of the equator only because in the south of the equator it is considered as the beginning of winter which known as the winter solstice.
What is Summer Solstice?
The summer solstice as we said before it is the beginning of the summer but how does it happen?
The summer solstice happens when the sun is over the tropic of cancer directly or 23.5 degrees north latitude. This is can be called the “ecliptic”.
This also means that during the first half of the year, The north side of the earth is tilted slightly towards the sun, the south side of the sun is tilted away while in the other half the year, the opposite happens.
In Summer solstice, the sun reaches both its highest and northernmost points in the sky.
The farther north you are, the more sunlight you will see during the solstice.
The origin of the word solstice is from Latin word “solstitium” which is consists from “sol” which means the sun and “stitium” which means still or stopped. That represent that the sun appears to stop in the sky.
Why summer solstice is important?
Every one of us knows that the Earth orbits around the sun on a tilted axis.
Because of that case between Match and September, Earth’s Northern Hemisphere exposures a huge amount of the sun energy directly. While the earth’s southern Hemisphere exposure to that during the rest of the year, that’s why we have 4 seasons.
Summer solstice in culture
Over the years, the ancient civilization recognized summer solstice like other Astronomical phenomena so as we know they have a lot of celebration so summer solstice has a lot of celebration.
- One of the most know celebration is Stonehenge in England as there is a megalithic structure which obviously marks the summer solstice.
- The circumstances of building the structure is unknown, but it’s pretty known that it is a religious symbols to celebrate solstice.
- During the summer solstice, the sun shines and the rays become perpendicular on the centre of the suspended stones.
- Although the structure has built from thousands of years, the sun is still shining on the Stonehenge every year so the tourist visit it every year to celebrate this amazing event.
- Another amazing thing for the solstice is the ancient Egyptian. All of us know that the ancient Egyptian built the great pyramids we have to know either in this event that every year during summer solstice the sun sets between the pyramids of Khufu and Khafra.
- This is really awesome that they recognize and work on that during building the pyramids.