Query: I need some assistance on law of inheritance on shariah. The case is as follows: A man “X” died leaving behind 1 sister, 3 paternal uncles and 2 cousins. Are the cousins excluded from inheritance only because their father (Another uncle of X) died before X died?
This seems odd as all other uncles will inherit and the children of one uncle who is dead are left out. Please note that the cousins from the deceased uncle have very low economic positions compared to the other uncles.
The law of inheritance in Sharia is stipulated and ordained by Allah, His Knowledge, and His Wisdom. He knows who deserves a share and who doesn’t.
Allah (Glorified is He) says after clarifying the rules of inheritance: (Allah makes clear to you [His law], lest you go astray. And Allah is Knowing of all things.) (4: 176).
So, the uncle exclude the cousin as the close relatives to the deceased exclude the less close relatives.
Allah knows best.
Sources: Al-Azhar Al-Sharif
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