Query: I just recently bought a dog and I wasn’t sure if we could keep it in the house although its a guard dog may I keep it in the house and have it not enter a certain room which we pray in and when ever someone wants to pray he could just wash up and go in that room to pray?
In the name of Allah; All praise is due to Allah; Peace be upon the Prophet.
Jurisprudence scholars have agreed that it’s not permissible to own a dog unless there’s a dire need for it; such as hunting and guarding and other useful reasons that Sharia permits. The Prophet said, “Whoever keeps a (pet) dog which is neither a watch dog nor a hunting dog will get a daily deduction of two Qirat from his good deeds.” Bukhari.
The purpose of breeding a dog is guarding in the following cases: protecting the house fearing that some valuable properties may get stolen and when the house is located in a remote area. There’s nothing wrong with keeping a dog in those two cases provided that it remains outside the house because it’s impure.
If the dog laps up a content in a bowl, the bowl should be washed seven times as the prophet (peace be upon him) said in one of his hadiths: “To purify one of your dishes after a dog laps up some of its contents, you must wash it seven times, one of them with dirt.” Muslim.
This is a kind of exaggeration to ensure that the bowl is clean but in our days cleaning products serve the purpose if using dirt is not possible. It’s okay to allocate a room for the dog outside other rooms of the house if there’s a necessity; provided that the dog shouldn’t stay anywhere outside this room.
God know best.
Sources: Al-Azhar Al-Sharif