Can We Keep Dog in Islam?

Query: I just recently bought a dog and I wasn’t sure if we could keep it in the house although its a guard dog may I keep it in the house and have it not enter a certain room which we pray in and when ever someone wants to pray he could just wash up and go in that room to pray?

Answer

In the name of Allah; All praise is due to Allah; Peace be upon the Prophet.

Jurisprudence scholars have agreed that it’s not permissible to own a dog unless there’s a dire need for it; such as hunting and guarding and other useful reasons that Sharia permits. The Prophet said, “Whoever keeps a (pet) dog which is neither a watch dog nor a hunting dog will get a daily deduction of two Qirat from his good deeds.” Bukhari.

The purpose of breeding a dog is guarding in the following cases: protecting the house fearing that some valuable properties may get stolen and when the house is located in a remote area. There’s nothing wrong with keeping a dog in those two cases provided that it remains outside the house because it’s impure.

If the dog laps up a content in a bowl, the bowl should be washed seven times as the prophet (peace be upon him) said in one of his hadiths: “To purify one of your dishes after a dog laps up some of its contents, you must wash it seven times, one of them with dirt.” Muslim.

This is a kind of exaggeration to ensure that the bowl is clean but in our days cleaning products serve the purpose if using dirt is not possible. It’s okay to allocate a room for the dog outside other rooms of the house if there’s a necessity; provided that the dog shouldn’t stay anywhere outside this room.

God know best.

Sources: Al-Azhar Al-Sharif

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